What are the 8 hormones?
There are so many hormones in your body working hard to keep you healthy, but let’s focus on eight key hormones and the effects they can have.
- Estrogen. Estrogen is a female sex hormone. …
- Testosterone. …
- Insulin. …
- Cortisol. …
- Human Growth Hormone. …
- Serotonin. …
- Adrenaline. …
- Thyroid Hormones.
How many hormones are produced by pituitary gland?
There are four hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that control the functions of other endocrine glands. These hormones include thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormones (LH).
What are the hormones secreted by pituitary gland and its function?
growth hormone, which regulates growth, metabolism and body composition. luteinising hormone and follicle stimulating hormone, also known as gonadotrophins. They act on the ovaries or testes to stimulate sex hormone production, and egg and sperm maturity. prolactin, which stimulates milk production.
Which glands produce which hormones?
Hormones and the Endocrine System
|Where the hormone is produced||Hormone(s) secreted|
|Pituitary gland||Antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)|
|Pituitary gland||Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)|
|Pituitary gland||Growth hormone (GH)|
|Pituitary gland||Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)|
What are the main female hormones?
The two main female sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. Although testosterone is considered a male hormone, females also produce and need a small amount of this, too.
What are the 5 female hormones?
Let’s take a closer look at five important hormones and how they help you function well.
- Insulin. The fat-storage hormone, insulin, is released by your pancreas and regulates many of your metabolic processes. …
- Melatonin. …
- Estrogen. …
- Testosterone. …
What is the main function of pituitary gland?
Your pituitary gland is an important pea-sized organ. If your pituitary gland doesn’t function properly, it affects vital parts like your brain, skin, energy, mood, reproductive organs, vision, growth and more. It’s the “master” gland because it tells other glands to release hormones.
What is the target organ of pituitary gland?
|Endocrine gland/ source of hormone||Hormone||Target organ or tissue|
|Hypothalamus||Numerous releasing factors||Pituitary gland|
|Anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)||ACTH (adrenocorticotrophic hormone)||Adrenal cortex|
|FSH (follicle stimulating hormone)||Ovaries / testes (tubules)|
|LH (luteinizing hormone)||Ovaries / testes (Leydig cells)|
What are the 7 hormones?
Hormones produced by the pituitary gland
- Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Luteinising hormone (LH)
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Prolactin (PRL)
- Growth hormone (GH)
- Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
What happens if your pituitary gland isn’t working properly?
For example, if the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone in a child, they may have a permanently short stature. If it doesn’t produce enough follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone, it might cause problems with sexual function, menstruation, and fertility.
What are the symptoms of pituitary gland problems?
Depending on which hormones are affected, symptoms might include:
- Unexplained weight loss or weight gain.
- Loss of body hair.
- Feeling cold.
- Feeling tired or weak.
- Menstrual changes or loss of menstrual periods in women.
- Erectile dysfunction (trouble with erections) in men.
Why pituitary gland is known as master gland?
The pituitary gland is sometimes called the “master” gland of the endocrine system because it controls the functions of many of the other endocrine glands. The pituitary gland is no larger than a pea, and is located at the base of the brain.
What are the 5 endocrine glands?
The glands of the endocrine system are:
- Pineal Gland.
- Pituitary Gland.
Which organ does not produce hormones?
There is another type of gland called an exocrine gland (e.g. sweat glands, lymph nodes). These are not considered part of the endocrine system as they do not produce hormones and they release their product through a duct.
How many glands are there in our body?
The endocrine glands present in our body are the pineal gland, hypothalamus gland, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, thymus, pancreas, adrenal gland, testes, and ovaries. The nervous system controls the working of endocrine glands.