Goiter has acquired deficiency due to lack of intake of iodine but cretinism is an inborn effect of thyroid gland which occurs due to low intake of iodine during pregnancy.
Which of the following is responsible for goitre ‘?
A goitre, or goiter, is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland. A goitre can be associated with a thyroid that is not functioning properly. Worldwide, over 90% of goitre cases are caused by iodine deficiency.
|Diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid|
Which hormone is responsible for the disease diabetes?
Diabetes is a disorder in the use of glucose, a sugar that serves as fuel for the body. When blood glucose levels rise, beta cells in the pancreas normally make the hormone insulin, which signals cells to take sugar from the blood.
Which are the 2 types of goitre what are their causes?
Types of goiters
- Colloid goiter (endemic) A colloid goiter develops from the lack of iodine, a mineral essential to the production of thyroid hormones. …
- Nontoxic goiter (sporadic) The cause of a nontoxic goiter is usually unknown, though it may be caused by medications like lithium. …
- Toxic nodular or multinodular goiter.
Which hormone deficiency is responsible for the goitre?
There are a number of different causes for goitre including: Iodine deficiency – iodine is an essential trace element which helps the thyroid gland to function properly and to make thyroid hormones. There are two main hormones called thyroxineand triiodothyronine.
What is the real cause of diabetes?
What causes type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
What hormone causes Gestationaldiabetes?
The elevated blood glucose level in gestational diabetes is caused by hormones released by the placenta during pregnancy. The placenta produces a hormone called the human placental lactogen (HPL), also known as human chorionic somatomammotropin (HCS).
Can hormone imbalance affect blood sugar?
The hormones estrogen and progesterone affect how your cells respond to insulin. After menopause, changes in your hormone levels can trigger fluctuations in your blood sugar level. You may notice that your blood sugar level changes more than before, and goes up and down.
Which are the 2 types of goitre?
There are 2 main types of goitre:
- diffuse goitre – where the entire thyroid gland swells and feels smooth to the touch.
- nodular goitre – where solid or fluid-filled lumps called nodules develop within the thyroid and make the thyroid gland feel lumpy to touch; the nodules can be single or multiple and may contain fluid.
What are the 2 types of goiter?
Types of Goiters
- Simple goiters, which happen when your thyroid gland doesn’t make enough hormones. The thyroid grows larger to make up for this.
- Endemic goiters. …
- Sporadic or nontoxic goiters, which usually have no known cause. …
- Multinodular goiters, which happen when lumps called nodules grow in your thyroid.
What is the best treatment for goiter?
Removing all or part of your thyroid gland (total or partial thyroidectomy) is an option if you have a large goiter that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing, or in some cases, if you have a nodular goiter causing hyperthyroidism. Surgery is also the treatment for thyroid cancer.
What is the effect of deficiency of I thyroxine and II insulin hormone?
Decreased thyroid hormone effect can cause increased levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and a possible change in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol because of a change in metabolic clearance. In addition, hypothyroidism may result in an increase in insulin resistance.
Which gland in the endocrine system is involved in goiter and the effect of hormonal imbalance?
A goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that is normally located in the lower front of your neck, makes thyroid hormones that are essential for good health and energy.