Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid. With this disease, your immune system attacks the thyroid and causes it to make more thyroid hormone than your body needs. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck.
What body systems are affected by Graves disease?
Your thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck, just below the Adam’s apple. Graves’ disease is an immune system disorder that results in the overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). Although a number of disorders may result in hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease is a common cause.
How does Graves disease affect the nervous system?
Thyroid hormones affect many aspects of your body. These can include your nervous system function, brain development, body temperature, and other important elements. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism may cause weight loss, anxiety, jitteriness, irritability, depression, and mental or physical fatigue.
How does Graves disease affect the endocrine system?
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease. The body produces antibodies against the thyroid gland which can cause it to become overactive, resulting in increased thyroid hormone production and hyperthyroidism.
What body systems does the thyroid affect?
The thyroid gland is a key part of the human endocrine system and works together with your nervous and immune systems to regulate your body’s metabolism. Metabolism refers to all of the processes that go on inside your body, for example, the process of turning food into energy.
What triggers Graves disease?
Environmental factors that may trigger the development of Graves’ disease include extreme emotional or physical stress, infection, or pregnancy. Individuals who smoke are at a greater risk of developing Graves’ disease and Graves’ ophthalmopathy.
Is Graves disease a serious illness?
Graves’ disease involves an overactive thyroid gland and results in an overproduction of thyroid hormones, or hyperthyroidism. It is relatively easy to treat. If left untreated, however, it can have serious consequences. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition.
What is the prognosis for Graves disease?
Conclusion. A long-term remission of 56.5%, in an iodine-sufficient area where ATD is offered to most patients in the real world of central and district hospitals, is higher than in most studies. Relapse was most common during the first year, and prognosis was excellent after 4 years without relapse.
Does Graves disease shorten your life?
Graves’ disease is rarely life-threatening. However, without treatment, it can lead to heart problems and weak and brittle bones. Graves’ disease is known as an autoimmune disorder. That’s because with the disease, your immune system attacks your thyroid — a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck.
Will I have Graves disease forever?
Guidelines state the aim of Tx or RAI in Graves’ hyperthyroidism should be permanent hypothyroidism, which requires lifelong levothyroxine medication for maintaining euthyroidism. Creating another disease in order to treat the original disease, is no cure.
What hormone is involved with Graves disease?
With Graves’ disease, the immune system makes an antibody called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) that attaches to thyroid cells. TSI acts like thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), a hormone made in the pituitary gland that tells the thyroid how much thyroid hormone to make.
Can stress trigger Graves disease?
There are two types, Graves’ disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Graves’ disease causes the thyroid to be overactive while Hashimoto’s causes it to be underactive. Stress alone will not cause a thyroid disorder, but it can make the condition worse.
How does Graves disease affect the brain?
He said if the ailment’s excessive production of thyroid hormone affects the brain, it can cause anxiousness, nervousness, and irritability. In more severe cases, it can affect decision-making and even lead to sociopathic behavior.
Can thyroid cause neurological symptoms?
Both hyper- and hypothyroidism may cause psychiatric symptoms like depressive or anxiety disorder, memory deficits, executive inability and even psychosis. The severe decompensated hypothyroidism may result in myxoedema coma – a life-threatening condition with sequentially progressing encephalopathic symptoms.
Which fruit is good for thyroid?
Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables
Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help.
What is the biggest gland of the endocrine system?
Your pancreas (say: PAN-kree-us) is your largest endocrine gland and it’s found in your belly. The pancreas makes several hormones, including insulin (say: IN-suh-lin), which helps glucose (say: GLOO-kose), the sugar that’s in your blood, enter the cells of your body.