When a hormone binds to the receptor, the G-protein is activated by binding guanosine triphosphate, or GTP, in place of GDP. After binding, GTP is hydrolysed by the G-protein into GDP and becomes inactive. The activated G-protein in turn activates a membrane-bound enzyme called adenylyl cyclase.
What happens when a hormone binds to a receptor?
The hormone binds to the receptor protein, resulting in the activation of a signal transduction mechanism that ultimately leads to cell type-specific responses. Receptor binding alters cellular activity, resulting in an increase or decrease in normal body processes.
What happens when a hormone binds to its membrane-bound receptor quizlet?
After the hormone binds to its membrane-bound receptor, the receptor changes shape, and the G protein binds to it. GTP replaces GDP on the alpha subunit of the G protein.
Which of the following occurs when a hormone binds to a nuclear receptor?
down-regulation. Which of the following occurs when a hormone binds to a nuclear receptor? the rate at which hormones are eliminated from the body. cyclic GMP might be produced to act as an intracellular mediator.
What hormones bind membrane-bound receptors?
Protein and peptide hormones, catecholamines like epinephrine, and eicosanoids such as prostaglandins find their receptors decorating the plasma membrane of target cells.
How can the same hormone have different effects?
The same hormone can be made by different glands. For instance, both the ovaries and the adrenal gland release estrogens. A hormone can have different effects depending on the target cell’s location, the gender of the individual and the species. … Hormones influence gene expression by binding DNA in a cell’s nucleus.
What are the three types of interactive effects hormones can have?
The three most common types of interaction are as follows:
- The permissive effect, in which the presence of one hormone enables another hormone to act. …
- The synergistic effect, in which two hormones with similar effects produce an amplified response. …
- The antagonistic effect, in which two hormones have opposing effects.
How is the secretion of the hormone regulated controlled?
Hormone production and release are primarily controlled by negative feedback. In negative feedback systems, a stimulus causes the release of a substance whose effects then inhibit further release. In this way, the concentration of hormones in blood is maintained within a narrow range.
What makes a cell responsive to a particular hormone?
What makes a cell responsive to a particular hormone? The presence of a receptor for that particular hormone.
Which type of hormone has a longer half-life?
Steroid hormones are insoluble in water; they are carried by transport proteins in blood. As a result, they remain in circulation longer than peptide hormones. For example, cortisol has a half-life of 60 to 90 minutes, whereas epinephrine, an amino acid derived-hormone, has a half-life of approximately one minute.
What do all hormones have in common?
The correct answer: The character that all hormones have in common is (c) They bind to and interact with a receptor in the target cell.
What types of receptors do hormones use?
List of hormone receptors
- Androgen receptors.
- Calcitriol receptors.
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1.
- Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 2.
- Estrogen receptors.
- Follicle-stimulating hormone receptors.
- Glucagon receptors.
- Gonadotropin receptors.
How do steroid hormones influence cellular activities?
The steroid hormone then passes through the plasma membrane of a target cell and sticks to intracellular receptors which are present in the nucleus or the cytoplasm. The cell signaling pathways induced by the steroid hormones help to regulate the specific genes on the cell’s DNA.
Are steroid hormones lipid soluble?
Steroid hormones are lipid soluble, allowing them to diffuse through the plasma membrane. The actions of steroid hormones can be exerted via nuclear hormone receptors (which are typically slow genomic actions).
Which hormone does not need a second messenger?
Sodium does not serve as the secondary messenger for any hormone.
What is the most common regulator of hormone secretion?
What is the most common mechanism used to regulate hormone secretion? Negative feedback is the main method used to regulate the secretion of hormones. What part of the brain controls the pituitary? The hypothalamus controls the pituitary.