The main medications used for the treatment of an overactive thyroid are known as anti-thyroid drugs. These reduce the production of thyroid hormones. Thiamazole (also called methimazole) and carbimazole are the most commonly used anti-thyroid drugs. If these drugs aren’t tolerated, propylthiouracil is sometimes used.
What is the best treatment for overactive thyroid?
Medicines called thionamides are commonly used to treat an overactive thyroid. They stop your thyroid producing excess hormones. The main types used are carbimazole and propylthiouracil. You’ll usually need to take the medicine for 1 to 2 months before you notice any benefit.
Can an overactive thyroid be cured?
An overactive thyroid is usually treatable. The main treatments are: medicine that stops your thyroid producing too much of the thyroid hormones. radioiodine treatment – where a type of radiotherapy is used to destroy cells in the thyroid, reducing its ability to produce thyroid hormones.
What can happen if an overactive thyroid is left untreated?
Untreated hyperthyroidism can also lead to weak, brittle bones (osteoporosis). The strength of your bones depends, in part, on the amount of calcium and other minerals they contain. Too much thyroid hormone interferes with your body’s ability to incorporate calcium into your bones. Eye problems.
Is an overactive thyroid serious?
In rare cases, an undiagnosed or poorly controlled overactive thyroid can lead to a serious, life-threatening condition called a thyroid storm. This is a sudden flare-up of symptoms that can be triggered by: an infection.
How does overactive thyroid make you feel?
Symptoms of an overactive thyroid can include: nervousness, anxiety and irritability. hyperactivity – you may find it hard to stay still and have a lot of nervous energy. mood swings.
What foods to avoid if you have an overactive thyroid?
A person with hyperthyroidism should avoid eating excessive amounts of iodine-rich foods, such as:
- iodized salt.
- fish and shellfish.
- seaweed or kelp.
- dairy products.
- iodine supplements.
- food products containing red dye.
- egg yolks.
- blackstrap molasses.
Can stress cause an overactive thyroid?
Stress alone will not cause a thyroid disorder, but it can make the condition worse. The impact of stress on the thyroid occurs by slowing your body’s metabolism.
Can overactive thyroid cause weight gain?
Hyperthyroidism usually increases your appetite. If you’re taking in a lot more calories, you can gain weight even if your body is burning more energy. Make sure you eat healthy foods, get regular exercise, and work with a doctor on a nutrition plan.
What are early warning signs of thyroid problems?
Because our biological functions are so often tied to our hormones, there are a number of symptoms that could indicate an issue with your thyroid.
- High Heart Rate. …
- Excessive Tiredness. …
- Anxiety. …
- Weight Gain or Loss. …
- Body Shakes. …
- Feeling Chilly or Overheated. …
- Trouble Concentrating. …
- Hair Loss.
Does hyperthyroidism go away?
Hyperthyroidism typically does not go away on its own. Most people need treatment to make hyperthyroidism go away. After treatment, many people develop hypothyroidism (too little thyroid hormone).
How can I check my thyroid at home?
Hold the mirror in your hand, focusing on the lower front area of your neck, above the collarbones, and below the voice box (larynx). Your thyroid gland is located in this area of your neck. While focusing on this area in the mirror, tip your head back. Take a drink of water and swallow.
What is the main cause of thyroid problems?
Problems with the thyroid can be caused by: iodine deficiency. autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system attacks the thyroid, leading either to hyperthyroidism (caused by Graves’ disease) or hypothyroidism (caused by Hashimoto’s disease) inflammation (which may or may not cause pain), caused by a virus or …
How common is overactive thyroid?
Women are 10 times more likely to have an overactive thyroid gland than men. It is estimated that around 1 in 50 women in England currently live with an overactive thyroid gland. In most cases, symptoms will begin somewhere between the ages of 20 and 40, though they can start at any age, including in childhood.
How long can you live with hyperthyroidism?
The hyperthyroidism may last for up to 3 months, after which your thyroid may become underactive, a condition called hypothyroidism. The hypothyroidism usually lasts 12 to 18 months, but sometimes is permanent.