Hypothyroidism is a condition marked by an underactive thyroid gland and may be present during pregnancy. Many symptoms of hypothyroidism are similar to pregnancy symptoms. For example, fatigue, weight gain, and abnormal menstruation are common to both.
How can hypothyroidism affect pregnancy?
Pregnant women with uncontrolled hypothyroidism can get high blood pressure, anemia (low red blood cell count), and muscle pain and weakness. There is also an increased risk of miscarriage, premature birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy), or even stillbirth.
How is hypothyroidism treated in pregnancy?
Hypothyroidism is treated with a synthetic (man-made) hormone called levothyroxine, which is similar to the hormone T4 made by the thyroid. Your doctor will adjust the dose of your levothyroxine at diagnosis of pregnancy and will continue to monitor your thyroid function tests every 4-6 weeks during pregnancy.
Is it safe to have a baby with hypothyroidism?
Undiagnosed thyroid dysfunction can make it difficult to conceive. It can also cause problems during pregnancy itself. Once the over- or under-active thyroid is under control, however, there is no reason why you should not have a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby.
Can I marry a girl with thyroid?
The truth is that thyroid problems are common, easy to diagnose and treat. A person with a thyroid problem can grow, marry, have children and lead a very normal productive, and long life.
Can thyroid affect baby growth?
Early studies found that children born to mothers with hypothyroidism during pregnancy had lower IQ and impaired psychomotor (mental and motor) development. If properly controlled, often by increasing the amount of thyroid hormone, women with hypothyroidism can have healthy, unaffected babies.
How is thyroid related to pregnancy?
The thyroid makes hormones that help your body work. If it makes too little or too much of these hormones, you may have problems during pregnancy. Untreated thyroid conditions during pregnancy are linked to serious problems, including premature birth, miscarriage and stillbirth.
What should a pregnant woman eat for thyroid?
Here are some dietary tips that help pregnant women with hyperthyroidism:
- Eat more cruciferous vegetables. Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage etc are goitrogens that help decrease the production of thyroid hormones.
- Load up on Zinc. …
- Avoid Iodine rich food. …
- Include lean meats.
When do you treat hypothyroidism in pregnancy?
WHO SHOULD BE TREATED FOR HYPOTHYROIDISM DURING PREGNANCY? Women found to have a TSH level greater than 10 mIU/L in the first trimester of pregnancy should be treated for hypothyroidism. Conversely, women with a TSH of 2.5 or less, do not need levothyroxine treatment.
Can hypothyroidism cause birth defects?
Hypothyroidism caused more birth defects than did hyperthyroidism. It’s possible that the same antibodies that cause the underactive thyroid also could be responsible for the birth defects, Nagey says.
Can hypothyroidism cause autism?
There has been a report that low thyroid levels (hypothyroidism) in babies is possibly associated with the development of autism. Prior studies have shown that low thyroid levels in the mother during pregnancy has been associated with brain abnormalities in the baby.
Does hypothyroidism cause miscarriage?
Even minimal hypothyroidism can increase rates of miscarriage and fetal death and may also have adverse effects on later cognitive development of the offspring. Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy may also have adverse consequences.
Is milk good for thyroid?
Milk and calcium-fortified juice
If you are hypothyroid, it’s important to know that calcium has the ability to impair your ability to absorb your thyroid hormone replacement medication.
Can I marry a girl with vitiligo?
A person with vitiligo marrying another person with vitiligo is medically not recommended as there is a slightly higher chance of it passing on to the next generation,” Tawade said. But matches with people not having vitiligo are rare, he added.
Can I live a normal life with hypothyroidism?
There is no cure for hypothyroidism, and most patients have it for life. There are exceptions: many patients with viral thyroiditis have their thyroid function return to normal, as do some patients with thyroiditis after pregnancy.