The endocrine system is made up of glands that make hormones. Hormones are the body’s chemical messengers. They carry information and instructions from one set of cells to another. The endocrine (pronounced: EN-duh-krin) system influences almost every cell, organ, and function of our bodies.
What does Endocrine mean?
1 : secreting internally specifically : producing secretions that are distributed in the body by way of the bloodstream hormones produced by the endocrine system. 2 : of, relating to, affecting, or resembling an endocrine gland or secretion endocrine tumors.
Why is it called endocrine?
The endocrine glands do not have ducts to carry their product to a surface. They are called ductless glands. The word endocrine is derived from the Greek terms “endo,” meaning within, and “krine,” meaning to separate or secrete.
What are the 5 main functions of the endocrine system?
Endocrine system function
- growth and development.
- sexual function and reproduction.
- heart rate.
- blood pressure.
- sleeping and waking cycles.
- body temperature.
What are the 8 endocrine glands?
Many glands make up the endocrine system. The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland are in your brain. The thyroid and parathyroid glands are in your neck.
Parts of the Endocrine System
- Hypothalamus. …
- Pituitary gland. …
- Pineal gland. …
- Thyroid gland. …
- Parathyroid. …
- Thymus. …
- Adrenals. …
What are the 3 main functions of the endocrine system?
What Does the Endocrine System Do?
- Endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream. …
- The endocrine hormones help control mood, growth and development, the way our organs work, metabolism , and reproduction.
- The endocrine system regulates how much of each hormone is released.
What are types of endocrine disorders?
Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, acromegaly (overproduction of growth hormone), Addison’s disease (decreased production of hormones by the adrenal glands), Cushing’s syndrome (high cortisol levels for extended periods of time), Graves’ disease (type of hyperthyroidism resulting in excessive thyroid …
What hormone is called the love hormone?
Also called the “love hormone,” oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone and a neurotransmitter that is produced in the hypothalamus and transmitted into the bloodstream by the pituitary gland.
Which is the largest endocrine gland?
Your pancreas (say: PAN-kree-us) is your largest endocrine gland and it’s found in your belly. The pancreas makes several hormones, including insulin (say: IN-suh-lin), which helps glucose (say: GLOO-kose), the sugar that’s in your blood, enter the cells of your body.
What organs are part of the endocrine system?
The following are integral parts of the endocrine system:
- Hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is located at the base of the brain, near the optic chiasm where the optic nerves behind each eye cross and meet. …
- Pineal body. …
- Pituitary. …
- Thyroid and parathyroid. …
- Thymus. …
- Adrenal gland. …
- Pancreas. …
What are 5 interesting facts about the endocrine system?
11 Surprising Facts About the Endocrine System
- The endocrine system. …
- Traditional Chinese healers practiced endocrinology more than 2,000 years ago. …
- The endocrine system is sometimes at fault for osteoporosis. …
- The term “hormone” is only about a century old. …
- Not all hormones come from the endocrine system. …
- Diabetes was once diagnosed by tasting urine.
What are the 7 hormones?
Hormones produced by the pituitary gland
- Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Luteinising hormone (LH)
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Prolactin (PRL)
- Growth hormone (GH)
- Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
What drugs affect the endocrine system?
- Club Drugs.
- Herbal Drugs.
Which organ is not part of the endocrine system?
There is another type of gland called an exocrine gland (e.g. sweat glands, lymph nodes). These are not considered part of the endocrine system as they do not produce hormones and they release their product through a duct.
Which is the biggest gland in our body?
The liver is large, reddish-brown organs that lie on the right side of the belly weighing about 3 pounds. It is the largest gland. The liver is an exocrine gland that secretes bile into the intestine is also an endocrine gland and a blood filter.
What is difference between exocrine and endocrine gland?
So the exocrine gland the secretions they reach the target organs that we products whereas endocrine glands. They are ductless glands and they secretes their products or hormones directly into the blood.
|Exocrine Gland||Endocrine Gland|
|2. Ex. Salivary gland, pancreas, etc.||2. Ex.Thyroid, pituitary gland.etc.|