A pituitary lesion is an abnormal growth (tumor) in your pituitary gland, a gland at the base of your brain that regulates your body’s hormone balances. Most pituitary lesions are noncancerous (benign).
What are pituitary lesions?
Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths that develop in your pituitary gland. Some pituitary tumors result in too much of the hormones that regulate important functions of your body. Some pituitary tumors can cause your pituitary gland to produce lower levels of hormones.
Is a pituitary tumor serious?
Most of these tumors are not cancerous. Pituitary cancer is very rare. Still, the tumors can cause serious problems, either because of their size (large tumors) or because they make extra hormones your body doesn’t need (functioning tumors). They’re typically treated with surgery, medicine, or radiation.
What are the symptoms of pituitary gland problems?
What are pituitary symptoms?
- Vision problems.
- Unexplained weight gain.
- Loss of libido.
- Feeling dizzy and nauseous.
- Pale complexion.
- Muscle wasting.
- Coarsening of facial features.
What causes a lesion on the pituitary gland?
The most common cause of hypopituitary or hyperpituitary secretion is a pituitary or hypothalamic tumor. A pituitary tumor tends to produce an enlarged sella (sella turcica).
Is a lesion a tumor?
A bone lesion is considered a bone tumor if the abnormal area has cells that divide and multiply at higher-than-normal rates to create a mass in the bone. The term “tumor” does not indicate whether an abnormal growth is malignant (cancerous) or benign, as both benign and malignant lesions can form tumors in the bone.
What are the two types of pituitary tumors?
Below are the main types of pituitary tumors.
- Nonfunctional adenomas (null cell adenomas) These tumors are the most common type. …
- Prolactin-producing tumors (prolactinomas) These benign tumors are also common. …
- ACTH-producing tumors. …
- Growth hormone-producing tumors.
What does a pituitary tumor headache feel like?
Headache pain in these situations is typically characterized by steady, bifrontal or unilateral frontal aching (ipsilateral to tumor). In some instances, pain is localized in the midface (either because of involvement of the second division of the trigeminal or secondary to sinusitis).
How do you treat a pituitary gland tumor?
Treatment may include the following:
- Surgery (usually transsphenoidal surgery) to remove the tumor, with or without radiation therapy.
- Radiation therapy alone.
- Drug therapy to stop the tumor from making ACTH.
- A clinical trial of stereotactic radiation surgery.
How long can you live with pituitary tumor?
The 5-year survival rate for people with a pituitary gland tumor is 97%. Survival rates depend on the type of tumor, the person’s age, and other factors.
What happens if your pituitary gland isn’t working properly?
For example, if the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone in a child, they may have a permanently short stature. If it doesn’t produce enough follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone, it might cause problems with sexual function, menstruation, and fertility.
How do you fix a pituitary gland problem?
- Corticosteroids. These drugs, such as hydrocortisone (Cortef) or prednisone (Rayos), replace the adrenal hormones that aren’t being produced because of an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. …
- Levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, others). …
- Sex hormones. …
- Growth hormone. …
- Fertility hormones.
How can I heal my pituitary gland?
Natural Treatment of Pituitary Dysfunction
Traditional treatments include cortisol replacement therapy, thyroid hormone therapy, sex hormone therapy (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone), human growth hormone (HGH) therapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and more.
What foods are good for the pituitary gland?
Foods rich in vitamins B5 and B6 will help to regulate the pineal gland, while aiding in the production and distribution of melatonin, the hormone that regulates the all-important circadian rhythms. These foods include: lentil beans, avocados, sweet potatoes, tuna and turkey.
Can an eye doctor see a pituitary tumor?
If a pituitary tumor is strongly suspected, your doctor may refer you to an eye doctor to check your vision, as pituitary tumors can damage nerves leading to the eyes. The most common test is to measure how well you can see. The doctor may also test your field of vision (or visual fields).
What does an MRI of the pituitary gland show?
An MRI produces good soft-tissue images and allows the physician to evaluate different types of body tissue, as well as distinguish normal, healthy tissue from diseased tissue. Our team of specialist physicians will use these images to make a detailed study of your pituitary gland and to find possible problems.