What causes bulging eyes in Graves disease?

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition, which is where the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. In the case of thyroid eye disease, the immune system attacks the muscles and fatty tissues around and behind the eye, making them swollen.

Does Graves disease make your eyes bulge?

Graves’ ophthalmopathy signs and symptoms include bulging eyes, redness and retracting eyelids. About 30% of people with Graves’ disease show some signs and symptoms of Graves’ ophthalmopathy.

How do you prevent bulging eyes in Graves disease?


  1. Apply cool compresses to your eyes. …
  2. Wear sunglasses. …
  3. Use lubricating eyedrops. …
  4. Elevate the head of your bed. …
  5. Prisms: If double vision is a problem, glasses containing prisms may be prescribed by your doctor. …
  6. Steroids. …
  7. Eyelid surgery. …
  8. Eye Muscle Surgery.

Do eyes go back to normal with Graves disease?

Most patients think once their medical doctor treats the body’s thyroid problem the eyes will go back to normal. This is often not the case. In some patients the eyes worsen in the months and years after medical treatment despite the body being stabilized.

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What does bulging eyes indicate?

Bulging or protruding of one or both eyes is called proptosis or exophthalmos. Exophthalmos is usually used when describing bulging eyes caused by Graves disease, a disorder causing overactivity of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism). Bulging eyes are not the same as prominent eyes.

What triggers Graves disease?

Environmental factors that may trigger the development of Graves’ disease include extreme emotional or physical stress, infection, or pregnancy. Individuals who smoke are at a greater risk of developing Graves’ disease and Graves’ ophthalmopathy.

Does Graves disease shorten life expectancy?

Patients who develop thyroid storm have a 20 to 50% chance of dying. In general, if your hyperthyroidism is caught early and you control it well with medication or other options, experts say your Graves’ disease life expectancy and prognosis is favorable.

Can you reverse bulging eyes from Graves disease?

In most patients who develop Graves’ ophthalmopathy, the eyes bulge forward or the eyelid retracts to some degree. Many patients with mild to moderate Graves’ ophthalmopathy will experience spontaneous improvement over the course of two to three years or will adapt to the abnormality.

What does Graves disease do to your eyes?

The eyes may be affected through a separate, yet related disease called Graves’ Ophthalmopathy. In Graves’ Ophthalmopathy, the immune system targets the area surrounding eyes and may cause inflammation, redness, achiness, pink eye, eyelid retraction and bulging eyes.

How do you treat Graves eye disease?

Treating Graves’ ophthalmopathy

  1. Corticosteroids. Treatment with corticosteroids, such as prednisone, may lessen swelling behind your eyeballs. …
  2. Teprotumumab (Tepezza). This medication may be used to treat Graves’ ophthalmopathy. …
  3. Prisms. …
  4. Orbital decompression surgery. …
  5. Orbital radiotherapy.
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How do you prevent Graves disease?

  1. Base your meals on vegetables and fresh fruits, then add a little lean protein (chicken, turkey, fish and seafood, beans and legumes, nuts and nut butters, even soy), whole grains, and heart-healthy fats (eg, olive oil).
  2. Eating or limiting certain foods alone won’t completely treat symptoms of Graves’ disease.

Can you recover from Graves disease?

Hyperthyroidism due to Graves’ disease is caused by antibodies attacking the thyroid and turning it on (see Graves’ disease brochure). Antithyroid medication, radioactive iodine, and surgery are all effective treatments and can restore thyroid function to normal.

What actor has Graves disease?

Wendy Williams is the latest celebrity with Graves’ disease, which affects the body on the inside and out. Wendy Williams isn’t alone in her fight against Graves’ disease, the immune system disorder that results in the overproduction of thyroid hormones.

Can high blood pressure cause bulging eyes?

When your blood pressure is too high, the retina’s blood vessel walls may thicken. This may cause your blood vessels to become narrow, which then restricts blood from reaching the retina. In some cases, the retina becomes swollen.

Are bulging eyes normal?

Bulging eyes should be checked by a health care provider. Bulging of one eye, especially in a child, can be a very serious sign. It should be checked right away. Hyperthyroidism (particularly Graves disease) is the most common medical cause of bulging eyes.

Can bulging eyes be corrected?

In some cases, only fairly mild treatment is enough to reduce bulging. In others, extensive treatment and surgery may be necessary. Severe cases can lead to permanent disfigurement that may misalign the eyes (although this can usually be at least partially fixed with surgery).

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Lots of iodine