What are the functions of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland quizlet?

Hypothalamus is part of the brain and it receives all the signals from the brain. Then it passes the signals to pituitary gland that secretes hormones that regulate other glands from a long distance-endocrine control. You just studied 18 terms!

What is the main function of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland?

The hypothalamus links the nervous and endocrine systems by way of the pituitary gland. Its function is to secrete releasing hormones and inhibiting hormones that stimulate or inhibit (like their names imply) production of hormones in the anterior pituitary.

What are the functions of hypothalamus?

The hypothalamus is involved in different daily activities like eating or drinking, in the control of the body’s temperature and energy maintenance, and in the process of memorizing and in stress control. It also modulates the endocrine system through its connections with the pituitary gland.

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What is the function of the pituitary gland quizlet?

What is the main function of the pituitary gland? The pituitary gland produces hormones that affect other glands and specific organs of the body. You just studied 15 terms!

What is the main function of the hypothalamus quizlet?

What does the Hypothalamus control? The autonomic nervous system. It is the main regulator of visceral activities. It regulates heart rate, movement of food through the digestive tract , and contraction of the urinary tract.

What are the two major functions of the hypothalamus?

While it’s very small, the hypothalamus plays a crucial role in many important functions, including:

  • releasing hormones.
  • regulating body temperature.
  • maintaining daily physiological cycles.
  • controlling appetite.
  • managing of sexual behavior.
  • regulating emotional responses.

What is the main function of the pituitary gland?

Your pituitary gland is an important pea-sized organ. If your pituitary gland doesn’t function properly, it affects vital parts like your brain, skin, energy, mood, reproductive organs, vision, growth and more. It’s the “master” gland because it tells other glands to release hormones.

What are the 7 functions of the hypothalamus?


  • body temperature.
  • thirst.
  • appetite and weight control.
  • emotions.
  • sleep cycles.
  • sex drive.
  • childbirth.
  • blood pressure and heart rate.

Which of the following is not function of the hypothalamus?

(C) Postural reflexes are NOT a function of the hypothalamus. It is a function of the cerebellum. Functions of the hypothalamus include: Body temperature regulation.

What role does the hypothalamus play in emotion?

The hypothalamus plays a role in the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which is a part of any emotional reaction. The thalamus serves as a sensory relay center; its neurons project signals to both the amygdala and the higher cortical regions for further processing.

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What is the structure and function of the pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland, also known as the hypophysis, is a small, pea-sized gland located at the base of our brains. It is referred to as the “master gland” of the human body, as it releases a variety of hormones that circulate our system and aid in maintaining our internal homeostasis.

Which part of the brain is closely associated with the pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland is about the size of a pea. It protrudes from the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the inner brain (Figure 12.4. 2). The pituitary is connected to the hypothalamus by a thin stalk (called the infundibulum).

What is the main function of the posterior pituitary gland quizlet?

Endocrine System – Posterior Pituitary Gland. Temporarily stores & then releases both hormones into the bloodstream. It is a product of the hypothalamus. Located just behind the anterior pituitary gland.

What are four functions of the hypothalamus quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)

  • control. provides subconcious control of skeletal muscles.
  • temp. regulates body temperature.
  • systems. coordinates nervous and endocrine systems.
  • rhythm. controls circadian rhythms.
  • gland. produces hormones released by pituitary gland.
  • drives. produces emotions and behavioral drives.
  • functions. …
  • auto.

What gland does the hypothalamus control quizlet?

-The hypothalamus controls the anterior pituitary gland with special hormones called releasing hormones and inhibiting hormones.

What is the hypothalamus in charge of?

The hypothalamus plays a significant role in the endocrine system. The function of the hypothalamus is to maintain your body’s internal balance, which is known as homeostasis. To do this, the hypothalamus helps stimulate or inhibit many of your body’s key processes, including: Heart rate and blood pressure.

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