Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control. (To learn more about how cancers start and spread, see What Is Cancer?) The thyroid gland makes hormones that help regulate your metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature.
Is thyroid cancer curable?
Thyroid cancer develops in the thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine system. The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate body temperature, heart rate and metabolism. Papillary and follicular thyroid cancers — the most common types — respond very well to treatments. Most thyroid cancers are highly curable.
Is thyroid cancer deadly?
Papillary thyroid cancer 5-year survival rates: Localized (no sign the cancer has spread outside the thyroid): near 100% Regional (cancer has spread outside the thyroid to nearby structures): 99% Distant (cancer has spread to distant parts of the body such as the bones): 78%
What stage is thyroid cancer?
Differentiated (papillary or follicular) thyroid cancer in patients younger than 55
|AJCC Stage||Age at diagnosis||Stage grouping|
|I||55 years or older||T2 N0 or NX M0|
|II||Younger than 55 years||Any T Any N M1|
|55 years or older||T1 N1 M0|
How aggressive is thyroid cancer?
HOW IS ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER TREATED? Anaplastic thyroid cancer is difficult to treat because it is very aggressive and can spread rapidly within the neck and metastasize to distant parts of the body.
What are the warning signs of thyroid cancer?
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
- Swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Trouble breathing.
- A constant cough that is not due to a cold.
Who is at high risk for thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer can occur at any age, but the risk peaks earlier for women (who are most often in their 40s or 50s when diagnosed) than for men (who are usually in their 60s or 70s).
Is Stage 1 thyroid cancer curable?
Early stage thyroid cancer is very treatable, and most patients are cured. Treatment of stage I-II thyroid cancer typically consists of surgery with or without radiation therapy. Combining two treatment techniques has become an important approach for increasing a patient’s chance of cure and prolonging survival.
What is the main cause of thyroid cancer?
The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified and include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation, and certain hereditary syndromes.
Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?
Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.
Do you need chemo for thyroid cancer?
Chemotherapy is seldom helpful for most types of thyroid cancer, but fortunately it is not needed in most cases. It is often combined with external beam radiation therapy for anaplastic thyroid cancer and is sometimes used for other advanced cancers that no longer respond to other treatments.
Can you survive stage 4 thyroid cancer?
Stage 4: In this stage, the tumor has spread into neck tissues under the skin, the trachea, esophagus, the larynx, or distant parts of the body such as the lungs or bones. The 10-year outlook significantly declines at this point: Only 21 percent of people diagnosed at this stage are alive after 10 years.
Can thyroid cancer come back if thyroid is removed?
During the follow up of patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, the rise in thyroglobulin levels or in thyroglobulin antibodies without rise in thyroglobulin levels are usually indicative of recurrence of thyroid cancer.
Does thyroid cancer spread fast?
Anaplastic cancer is a rare type of thyroid cancer. It often spreads quickly into the neck and to other parts of the body, and is very hard to treat.
What happens to your body when you have thyroid cancer?
The most common locations for metastatic thyroid cancer are the lungs, liver and bones. If tumors develop in these (or other) parts of the body, complications such as pain, swelling and organ failure can occur.
What are the 3 types of thyroid cancer?
Types of thyroid cancer
- Papillary thyroid cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer develops from follicular cells and usually grow slowly. …
- Follicular thyroid cancer. …
- Hurthle cell cancer. …
- Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). …
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer.