Levothyroxine comes as a tablet and a capsule to take by mouth.
What does levothyroxine do to the body?
Levothyroxine is a medicine used to treat an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). The thyroid gland makes thyroid hormone which helps to control energy levels and growth. Levothyroxine is taken to replace the missing thyroid hormone.
What is the side effect of levothyroxine?
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: increased sweating, sensitivity to heat, mental/mood changes (such as nervousness, mood swings), tiredness, diarrhea, shaking (tremor), headache, shortness of breath, bone pain, easily broken bones.
How does levothyroxine work?
Levothyroxine belongs to a class of drugs called hormones. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. Levothyroxine works by providing the thyroid hormone that your thyroid gland would produce if it were working normally.
What are the long term side effects of levothyroxine?
If the levothyroxine dose is too high, serious side effects can occur, mainly affecting the heart, and include (DailyMed, 2019):
- Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
- High blood pressure.
- Heart failure.
- Chest pain (angina)
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- Cardiac arrest (heart stops working)
Is 200 mcg of levothyroxine a lot?
Doses greater than 200 mcg per day are seldom required. An inadequate response to daily doses of greater than 300 mcg per day is rare and may indicate poor compliance, malabsorption, drug interactions, or a combination of these factors.
What should I avoid while taking levothyroxine?
What foods should not be taken with levothyroxine?
- Soybean flour.
- Dietary fiber.
- Cottonseed meal.
- Espresso coffee.
Why do you have to drink a full glass of water with levothyroxine?
The Levoxyl-branded tablet may rapidly swell and disintegrate, and cause choking or gagging if it becomes stuck in your throat. Take with a full glass of water, but talk with your doctor should you have difficulty swallowing it.
Can you survive without thyroid medication?
The short answer is yes. People can live full, long lives without a thyroid (or with an underactive thyroid) if they take medication to replace the absence of thyroid hormones in their body.
Does levothyroxine cause hair thinning?
Ironically, taking the hormone levothyroxine to treat an underactive thyroid can contribute to some hair loss, among other side effects, but this seems to be more common within the first month of treatment and more often in children than adults.
Is it better to take levothyroxine in the morning or at night?
Ideally, levothyroxine should be the only medication taken at bedtime. Just as with morning dosing, it is best to avoid co-administration with other medications such as statins, blood pressure drugs, and metformin.
Is 50 mcg of levothyroxine a lot?
For patients over 50 years, initially, it is not advisable to exceed 50 micrograms daily. In this condition, the daily dose may be increased by 50 micrograms at intervals of every 3-4 weeks, until stable thyroxine levels are attained. The final daily dose may be up to 50 to 200 micrograms.
Can I take levothyroxine with coffee?
Researchers have found that for patients taking levothyroxine tablets, absorption is affected by drinking coffee within an hour of taking thyroid drugs. This is why experts recommend that you wait at least 60 minutes after taking the levothyroxine to drink your coffee.
Is thyroid medication for life?
It’s not a cure, but it can keep your condition under control for the rest of your life. The most common treatment is levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tirosint, Unithroid, Unithroid Direct), a man-made version of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4). It acts just like the hormone your thyroid gland normally makes.
Will I lose weight if I increase my levothyroxine?
Stop weight gain
A daily dose of levothyroxine (Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid) will rev up your thyroid hormone production again, and with it, your metabolism. Once you’re on the right dose, your weight should stabilize, and you shouldn’t have any more trouble losing weight than anyone else.
How do you know when your thyroid medicine needs adjusting?
General joint and muscle pains are common when hypothyroidism is not sufficiently treated, and your dosage of thyroid hormone needs to be increased. Joint and muscle weakness and pain, especially in the arms and legs, can be evidence that you need an increased dose of antithyroid drugs for your hyperthyroidism.