It causes impaired neurological function, stunted growth, and physical deformities. The condition may occur because of a problem with the baby’s thyroid gland, or a lack of iodine in the mother’s body during pregnancy. A baby’s body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones.
What are the consequences of congenital hypothyroidism?
Affected babies may show no features of the condition, although some babies with congenital hypothyroidism are less active and sleep more than normal. They may have difficulty feeding and experience constipation. If untreated, congenital hypothyroidism can lead to intellectual disability and slow growth.
Is congenital hypothyroidism an autoimmune disease?
When a baby is born with it, it’s called congenital hypothyroidism. Other kids develop it later, usually late in childhood or as teens. Most of these cases are caused by the autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Can congenital hypothyroidism be cured?
Hypothyroidism refers to an underactive thyroid gland. Congenital hypothyroidism occurs when a newborn infant is born without the ability to make normal amounts of thyroid hormone. The condition occurs in about 1 in 3,000-4,000 children, is most often permanent and treatment is lifelong.
How does hypothyroidism affect the body?
Hypothyroidism is a common condition where the thyroid doesn’t create and release enough thyroid hormone into your bloodstream. This makes your metabolism slow down. Also called underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism can make you feel tired, gain weight and be unable to tolerate cold temperatures.
Can you live a normal life with congenital hypothyroidism?
It is important to know that babies with congenital hypothyroidism can look very healthy at birth, but still have this disorder. With early and ongoing care, your baby should develop normally both physically and mentally; however, babies who are not treated often have serious and permanent health problems.
Does hypothyroidism shorten life expectancy?
Your symptoms should disappear and the serious effects of low thyroid hormone should improve. If you keep your hypothyroidism well-controlled, it will not shorten your life span.
Can hypothyroidism cause autism?
There has been a report that low thyroid levels (hypothyroidism) in babies is possibly associated with the development of autism. Prior studies have shown that low thyroid levels in the mother during pregnancy has been associated with brain abnormalities in the baby.
What emotional problems does hypothyroidism cause?
If you have an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) you may feel stressed and overwhelmed and experience depression, tearfulness, and loss of appetite.
Is congenital hypothyroidism a rare disease?
Gene mutations causing congenital hypothyroidism can be a rare cause of distinct clinical phenotypes. Most well known is Pendred’s syndrome. Affected patients have sensorineural deafness, hypothyroidism and goiter.
Can I pass hypothyroidism to my baby?
If properly controlled, often by increasing the amount of thyroid hormone, women with hypothyroidism can have healthy, unaffected babies. For patients with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT), also called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, there is some evidence to suggest an increased risk of pregnancy loss.
At what age thyroid can occur?
The disease is hereditary and may develop at any age in men or women, but it’s much more common in women ages 20 to 30, according to the Department of Health and Human Services . Other risk factors include stress, pregnancy, and smoking.
How does hypothyroidism affect baby?
How can hypothyroidism affect me and my baby? These problems occur most often with severe hypothyroidism. Because thyroid hormones are so important to your baby’s brain and nervous system development, untreated hypothyroidism—especially during the first trimester—can cause low IQ and problems with normal development.
What organs are affected by hypothyroidism?
The Effects of Hypothyroidism on the Body
- Endocrine system. When you have hypothyroidism, your body makes too little of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. …
- Circulatory and cardiovascular systems. …
- Nervous system. …
- Respiratory system. …
- Digestive system. …
- Reproductive system. …
- Other systems.
What should I avoid with hypothyroidism?
soy-based foods: tofu, tempeh, edamame beans, soy milk, etc. cruciferous vegetables: broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, etc. People with hypothyroidism should avoid millet, processed foods, and supplements like selenium and zinc (unless a healthcare provider has advised you to take them).
What problems does hypothyroidism cause?
Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. Over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease.