Frequent question: Which hormone increases the rate of mitosis in growing bones?

Question Answer
The hormone that increases the rate of mitosis in growing tissues is GH, which is produced by the waht gland anterior pituitary
Growth hormone stimulates the transport of amino acids into cells, to be used for the synthesis of proteins

Which hormone increases cell division in growing bones?

Growth hormone (GH), also called somatotropin or human growth hormone, peptide hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It stimulates the growth of essentially all tissues of the body, including bone.

What hormone increases cell size and rate of division?

Auxin promotes cell division and meristem maintenance and also plays an important role in the establishment of cellular patterning. Plant development thus integrates the regulation of cell proliferation and growth with further cell expansion and differentiation.

Which hormone increases the rate of protein synthesis in a client quizlet?

Cortisol stimulates protein synthesis.

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Does growth hormone increase the activity of osteogenic cells?

GH directly and through IGF-I stimulates osteoblast proliferation and activity, promoting bone formation. It also stimulates osteoclast differentiation and activity, promoting bone resorption. The result is an increase in the overall rate of bone remodeling, with a net effect of bone accumulation.

Does estrogen stimulate bone growth?

Estrogen plays an important role in the growth and maturation of bone as well as in the regulation of bone turnover in adult bone. During bone growth estrogen is needed for proper closure of epiphyseal growth plates both in females and in males.

What stimulates the release of growth hormone?

Growth hormone levels are increased by sleep, stress, exercise and low glucose levels in the blood. They also increase around the time of puberty. Growth hormone release is lowered in pregnancy and if the brain senses high levels of growth hormone or insulin-like growth factors already in the blood.

What controls the rate of cell division?

A variety of genes are involved in the control of cell growth and division. Tight regulation of this process ensures that a dividing cell’s DNA is copied properly, any errors in the DNA are repaired, and each daughter cell receives a full set of chromosomes. …

What cells reproduce at the slowest rate?

Terms in this set (12)

  • epithelial cells. are in the skin; fastest to reproduce.
  • connective cells. the second fastest at reproducing cells; ex. …
  • nerve cells. reproduce the slowest; rarely reproduce.
  • muscles cells. reproduce the second slowest.
  • gene. segment of DNA coding for a protein or RNA.
  • Chromosome. …
  • histone. …
  • histone core.
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When a cell increases in size it is called?

Growth, the increases in cell size and number that take place during the life history of an organism.

Which hormone increases the rate of protein synthesis in a client?

Insulin, GH and IGF-I play a dominant role in the day-to-day regulation of protein metabolism. In humans insulin appears to act primarily to inhibit proteolysis while GH stimulates protein synthesis.

Which hormone is released from the posterior pituitary gland?

The posterior lobe produces two hormones, vasopressin and oxytocin. These hormones are released when the hypothalamus sends messages to the pituitary gland through nerve cells. Vasopressin is also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH).

Which hormone stimulates development of eggs and sperm?

GnRH stimulates (causes) the pituitary gland to produce follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), the hormone responsible for starting follicle (egg) development and causing the level of estrogen (the primary female hormone) to rise.

Does HGH increase bone size?

The human growth hormone (HGH) helps to influence height, as well as build bones and muscles in the body.

What is the effect of growth hormone on fatty tissue?

GH promotes lipolysis via inhibition of lipoprotein lipase, which hydrolyzes triglycerides in the circulation to make them available for triglyceride accumulation in adipose tissue. GH also stimulates hormone sensitive lipase (HSL), the rate-limiting step for release of stored triglyceride in adipocytes (lipolysis).

Does growth hormone affect bones?

Bone and mineral metabolism is regulated by numerous hormones and local growth factors. Growth hormone (GH), directly and/or indirectly through local IGF1 and IGF2 production, stimulates bone turnover as it increases osteoblast number and function. It also stimulates bone resorption through unknown mechanisms.

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