Antibodies that cause Graves’ disease cross the placenta during pregnancy. If you have Graves’ disease during pregnancy, your baby is at risk for thyroid conditions during and after birth. If you had treatment for Graves’ disease with radioactive iodine before pregnancy, your baby is at risk for Graves’ disease.
Can I have a baby with Graves disease?
Irregular menstrual cycles can make it harder for women with Graves’ disease to get pregnant. About half of women with Graves’ disease have problems getting pregnant. Problems during pregnancy. Graves’ disease can cause problems for you during pregnancy and for your unborn baby’s development.
Can I have a healthy baby with hyperthyroidism?
If left untreated, maternal hyperthyroidism poses a risk for both mother and baby. Pregnant women with uncontrolled hyperthyroidism can develop high blood pressure. There is also an increased risk of miscarriage, premature birth, and having a baby with a low birth weight.
How can I have a healthy pregnancy with Graves disease?
Experts now recommend that women who require medication to manage their Graves’ disease while pregnant should receive the lowest possible dose of PTU in order to keep maternal thyroid function at the upper limit of normality with low serum TSH in order to avoid fetal hypothyroidism.
Can hyperthyroidism cause birth defects?
In general, subclinical hyperthyroidism is rarely associated with adverse gestational outcomes , whereas uncontrolled thyrotoxicosis significantly increases the risk of maternal and fetal complications, such as pregnancy-induced hypertension, maternal congestive heart failure, pregnancy loss, prematurity, low birth …
What triggers Graves disease?
Environmental factors that may trigger the development of Graves’ disease include extreme emotional or physical stress, infection, or pregnancy. Individuals who smoke are at a greater risk of developing Graves’ disease and Graves’ ophthalmopathy.
Does Graves disease shorten your life?
Graves’ disease is rarely life-threatening. However, without treatment, it can lead to heart problems and weak and brittle bones. Graves’ disease is known as an autoimmune disorder. That’s because with the disease, your immune system attacks your thyroid — a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck.
Can I marry a girl with thyroid?
The truth is that thyroid problems are common, easy to diagnose and treat. A person with a thyroid problem can grow, marry, have children and lead a very normal productive, and long life.
Can hyperthyroidism cause autism?
Both subclinical hypothyroidism and overt hyperthyroidism in mothers in pregnancy were associated with increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in children.
Is it hard to get pregnant with hyperthyroidism?
The most common cause of an over-active thyroid (hyperthyroidism) is Graves’ disease. If it is untreated you may have lighter, irregular periods and find it difficult to conceive. After treatment, if you are planning to have a baby you should first have a blood test to check your thyroid function.
Can you breastfeed with Graves disease?
Fortunately, Graves’ disease is seldom life-threatening and most women respond well to treatment. Radioactive iodine (RAI) readily transfers into human milk and can harm breastfeeding babies. It is one of the few drugs that must be used with caution in breastfeeding mothers.
How is Graves disease diagnosed?
To diagnose Graves’ disease, your doctor may conduct a physical exam and check for signs and symptoms of Graves’ disease. He or she may also discuss your medical and family history. Your doctor may also order tests including: Blood tests.
How is hyperthyroidism treated in pregnancy?
When hyperthyroidism is severe enough to require therapy, anti-thyroid medications are the treatment of choice, with PTU being preferred in the first trimester. The goal of therapy is to keep the mother’s free T4 in the high-normal to mildly elevated range on the lowest dose of antithyroid medication.
What causes hyperthyroidism during pregnancy?
Hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is usually caused by Graves’ disease and occurs in 1 to 4 of every 1,000 pregnancies in the United States. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder. With this disease, your immune system makes antibodies that cause the thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone.
What are the symptoms of thyroid during pregnancy?
Severe nausea or vomiting. Shaking hands (slight tremor) Trouble sleeping. Weight loss or low weight gain beyond that expected of a typical pregnancy.
Other symptoms may include:
- Difficulty concentrating or memory problems.
- Sensitivity to cold temperatures.
- Muscle cramps.