Usually, aldosterone balances sodium and potassium in your blood. But too much of this hormone can cause you to lose potassium and retain sodium. That imbalance can cause your body to hold too much water, increasing your blood volume and blood pressure.
Can hormones affect potassium levels?
Potassium levels are also affected by a hormone called aldosterone, which is made by the adrenal glands.
Can hormones cause low potassium?
Hyperaldosteronism can cause high blood pressure, low potassium levels and an abnormal increase in blood volume because of the way the hormone affects the body. It’s also possible to have low levels of aldosterone. Primary adrenal insufficiency, a disease that causes a general loss of adrenal function, can be a cause.
What causes potassium levels to drop?
Typically, the potassium level becomes low because too much is lost from the digestive tract due to vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive laxative use. Sometimes too much potassium is excreted in urine, usually because of drugs that cause the kidneys to excrete excess sodium, water, and potassium (diuretics).
What is the hormone that primarily controls potassium levels?
Aldosterone, the steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex, promotes retention of sodium and excretion of potassium by the kidneys.
What does low potassium mean in a blood test?
Low potassium (hypokalemia) refers to a lower than normal potassium level in your bloodstream. Potassium helps carry electrical signals to cells in your body. It is critical to the proper functioning of nerve and muscles cells, particularly heart muscle cells.
What drugs can cause low potassium levels?
Which medications can lower potassium levels?
- Diuretics. Diuretics like furosemide, bumetanide, hydrochlorothiazide, and chlorthalidone are the main medication-related cause of low potassium levels. …
- Albuterol. …
- Insulin. …
- Sudafed. …
- Laxatives and enemas. …
- Risperdal and Seroquel.
What are the signs of a potassium deficiency?
However, below are some symptoms that may suggest a potassium deficiency.
- Weakness, fatigue, cramps in muscles and legs that may result in total inability to move.
- Tingling, or numbness in the body.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Bloating, constipation, abdominal cramps.
- Excessive urination and the urge to drink water frequently.
What adrenal gland disorders cause low potassium?
Hyperaldosteronism is a disease in which the adrenal gland(s) make too much aldosterone which leads to hypertension (high blood pressure) and low blood potassium levels.
Can Addison’s disease cause low potassium?
A low sodium, high potassium or low cortisol level may indicate Addison’s disease. You may need to see a hospital hormone specialist (endocrinologist) for your blood to be tested for the following: a low level of the hormone aldosterone. a high level of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
Is coffee high in potassium?
Three to four cups of coffee a day is considered high in potassium and could raise your potassium levels. Adding creamers or milk can further raise your coffee’s potassium content. Drinking less than three cups of coffee/day is generally considered safe.
Can liver problems cause low potassium?
Low serum potassium level is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and its related metabolic disorders. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf).
Does low potassium cause tiredness?
Once your potassium levels fall below a certain level, you might experience: Weakness. Fatigue. Muscle cramps or twitching.
Which hormone is released in response to high blood pressure?
As blood passes through your kidneys, special cells “measure” blood pressure in the blood vessels leading to your kidneys (renal arteries) and adjust the amount of the hormone renin that they secrete. Renin controls the production of two other hormones, angiotensin and aldosterone.
Do hormones affect blood pressure?
How do hormones affect blood pressure? Hormones play a big role in controlling your blood pressure. They send messages controlling your heart’s output of blood, the stiffness of your arteries, and changes in your blood volume.
How does potassium affect aldosterone?
In contrast, increases of plasma potassium directly stimulate aldosterone secretion. This effect of potassium on aldosterone serves as a protective mechanism against the development of hyperkalemia. Conversely, hypokalemia inhibits aldosterone production.