Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the bloodstream through which they travel to affect distant organs. … Endocrine is as opposed to exocrine.
What do you mean by endocrine?
(EN-doh-krin SIS-tem) The glands and organs that make hormones and release them directly into the blood so they can travel to tissues and organs all over the body. The hormones released by the endocrine system control many important functions in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, and reproduction.
What are endocrine glands?
Endocrine glands are ductless glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood. The major glands of the endocrine system include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, hypothalamus and adrenal glands.
What is the endocrine system in simple terms?
The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things.
What is in the endocrine system?
The endocrine system is made up of organs called glands. Glands produce and release different hormones that target specific things in the body. You have glands all over your body, including in your neck, brain and reproductive organs. Some glands are tiny, about the size of a grain of rice or a pea.
What are the 5 hormones?
5 Important Hormones and How They Help You Function
- Insulin. The fat-storage hormone, insulin, is released by your pancreas and regulates many of your metabolic processes. …
- Melatonin. The pineal gland in your brain produces melatonin, which is instrumental in your sleep/wake cycles and your internal body clock. …
- Estrogen. …
- Testosterone. …
What is another name for endocrine system?
In this page you can discover 27 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for endocrine, like: endocrinal, hormone, exocrine, gonadal, holocrine, luteal, merocrine, ovarian, pancreatic, prostatic and thymic.
What hormone is called the love hormone?
Also called the “love hormone,” oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone and a neurotransmitter that is produced in the hypothalamus and transmitted into the bloodstream by the pituitary gland.
What are the 3 main functions of the endocrine system?
What Does the Endocrine System Do?
- Endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream. …
- The endocrine hormones help control mood, growth and development, the way our organs work, metabolism , and reproduction.
- The endocrine system regulates how much of each hormone is released.
Which is the largest endocrine gland?
Your pancreas (say: PAN-kree-us) is your largest endocrine gland and it’s found in your belly. The pancreas makes several hormones, including insulin (say: IN-suh-lin), which helps glucose (say: GLOO-kose), the sugar that’s in your blood, enter the cells of your body.
What are the 5 main functions of the endocrine system?
Endocrine system function
- growth and development.
- sexual function and reproduction.
- heart rate.
- blood pressure.
- sleeping and waking cycles.
- body temperature.
What organs are part of the endocrine system?
The following are integral parts of the endocrine system:
- Hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is located at the base of the brain, near the optic chiasm where the optic nerves behind each eye cross and meet. …
- Pineal body. …
- Pituitary. …
- Thyroid and parathyroid. …
- Thymus. …
- Adrenal gland. …
- Pancreas. …
What are 5 interesting facts about the endocrine system?
11 Surprising Facts About the Endocrine System
- The endocrine system. …
- Traditional Chinese healers practiced endocrinology more than 2,000 years ago. …
- The endocrine system is sometimes at fault for osteoporosis. …
- The term “hormone” is only about a century old. …
- Not all hormones come from the endocrine system. …
- Diabetes was once diagnosed by tasting urine.
What are symptoms of endocrine disorders?
Most common endocrine disorders are related to improper functioning of the pancreas and the pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands.
Common symptoms of diabetes
- Excessive thirst or hunger.
- Frequent urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Unexplained weight loss or gain.
- Vision changes.
What are the 5 endocrine glands?
The glands of the endocrine system are:
- Pineal Gland.
- Pituitary Gland.
What are the 7 hormones?
Hormones produced by the pituitary gland
- Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Luteinising hormone (LH)
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Prolactin (PRL)
- Growth hormone (GH)
- Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)